21st century is the century of revolution in the field of science and technology. As a result of advancements in field of information technology there is improvement in every field of life. The use of latest technology has led to a significant advancement in the field of medicine.
In this article we will introduce you to those innovations in the field of medicine which you did not know before. So let’s get started.
Some of the most significant advancements made in the field of technology are listed as follow:
1- Human Genome Project:
One of the most important projects of the 21st century is the study of the full human genome that was carried out globally with mutual efforts. A single human cell contains 46 chromosomes and each chromosome contains thousands of genes. It is a big difficult task to study each gene, identify its code, decode it and read all the genetic information consisting of each nucleotide present on it. It started in 1990 and ended in 2003. By the completion of this project scientists were able to study each disease at genetic level, noting the mutations at the level of base pairs of nucleotides. This project has helped to study the genome of disease causing microorganisms and the possible ways of treating different diseases by replacing the mutated base pairs with normal base pairs at molecular and atomic level. This project created a revolution in different fields of biology especially Genetics and Biotechnology.
2- Stem Cell technology:
It is one of the best technologies designed so far. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that have the ability to divide multiple times and can form a number of cells that cover the place of the lost part of the body and can exactly perform the same function as performed by other cells of that area. Third process is called Regeneration. The number of stem cells in humans are much lower as compared to other animals because bodies of humans are highly differentiated. By using some stem cells present in our body and implanting them in bone marrow, blood cancer and many other serious diseases like that can be cured completely. Stem cell technology also helps to repair tissue damage in any part of the body.
3- Targeted Therapy for Cancer patients:
One of the most advanced options to cure cancer is to treat it at a genetic level. Certain genes are identified in the human body which cause mutations that result in cancer in any part of the body. Special drugs are proud Ed which specifically target that mutation causing gene and not only treat the cancer, prevent it from spreading further but also stop its chances of recurrence in future.
4- Combined Drug Therapy for AIDS:
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) has been considered a most deadly disease of present times that can take any life within some years. Nowadays another latest technology has been developed that can treat AIDS very effectively and increase the life span of the patient. This technique is called ‘Combined Drug Therapy’ in a combination of different drugs is prescribed to the patient which helps a lot in patient survival.
5- Robotic Surgeries:
By the use of latest technology such equipments have been developed which not only reduce the effort and time of humans but also provide Best results. Now a days by using latest machinery laproscopic surgeries are performed which give least possible pain to the patients and are minimally invasive. By the use of artificial intelligence certain robots have been developed by scientists which can assist doctors in performing many kinds of surgeries like surgery of heart patients or cancer patients and have the ability to magnify the human structures during the surgery as well as perform excellent suturing within the minimum possible time.
The most important advancement in the field of medicine is the launch of MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) technique due to which the detection of brain abnormalities have become possible. Patient is exposed to certain radiations but a clear cut image is obtained in which each part of the brain can be scanned properly. It is very useful for the Early detection of many brain diseases like tumors.
7- Smart Inhalers:
Inhalers are needed constantly by asthmatics and those who stop taking inhalers again develop the signs of asthma. In order to resolve this problem scientists have launched smart inhalers. These are very small attached to the nose and connected to your mobile by bluetooth. You can set the timer on your mobile for taking inhalers daily at a fixed time and by Bluetooth signal smart inhaler automatically sends droplets of medicines in the nostrils. This excellent technique has not only helped to provide relief to the patients as well as have ability to prevent fruthur attack of asthma by using a low dose of medicine which was ineffective earlier on the same patient.
8- Artificial Organ Transplant:
The development of artificial human organs have successfully been started and many parts of bodies have been developed for those who lose their any organ like arm or leg during any war or accident. These organs are made by taking templates from real human structures or using their own genome. In this way any human can have a new organ resembling closely to his own genome and bypass the transplant rejection produced by the donations of body parts of other humans.
9- Personalised Care:
The final outcome of using all the research and technologies is that now medicine is at a point where it can offer medicines that benefit a person individually according to the specific type of disease he has, this is called personalized care. It has been successfully used in the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis in the form of DMARDs (Disease modifying AntiRheumatic Drugs) that relieve joint pain of patients by acting at enzymatic level in the body.
All the advancement in the field of information technology has made possible the connection of patient with doctor whether both are parent anywhere in the world. The use of latest blockchain technology has made possible to save all the data of the patients. Nowadays a doctor can provide prescription on just one video or audio call of the patient and help him to manage or cure his disease. Certain applications have been developed which provide information related to health and help to improve living standard of every individual.
The final result of all the latest technologies is to use them for the betterment of mankind at any level and the advancements in the field of medicine has made possible the treatment of every disease. Nowadays every new machine or new technique is introduced which works better than the previous one and has been providing a great role in improving the longevity of life.